Born: 1790

Died: 1838

Source: SPCK Missionaries 1805 to 1835 (Rev Frank Perry, The Church In Madras 1904)

Biography: CHARLES THEOPHILUS EWALD RHENIUS Born 1790; Berlin Seminary; Lutheran orders; one and a half years under the Rev. T. Scott; 1814 to Madras; 1820 to Palamcottah, invited by the Rev. J. Hough; died at Palamcottah 1838. His life was written by his son, the Rev. C. J. Rhenius, Chaplain H.E.I.C.S. Rhenius came into collision with the Society's Church principles by ordaining pastors in the Lutheran manner, as the S.P.C.K. missionaries had done in the eighteenth century. Their necessity was the absence of a Bishop in India; there was no such necessity in 1835. He followed his own will, left the service of the C.M.S., and formed a separate Christian com munity in Palamcottah and in the District of Tinnevelly. The schism was not healed till after the death of Rhenius in 1838. (See Pettitt's Tinnevelly Mission.)